Petra

   

Undoubtedly the most famous attraction in Jordan is the Nabatean city of Petra, nestled away in the mountains south of the Dead Sea. Petra, which means “stone” in Greek, is perhaps the most spectacular ancient city remaining in the modern world, and certainly a must-see for visitors to Jordan and the Middle East.

Petra was the capital of the Nabataean kingdom, it is Situated between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea and inhabited since prehistoric times, Located 240 km south of the capital Amman and 120 km north of the red sea town of Aqapa , Petra the world wonder is undoubtedly Jordan’s most valuable treasure and greatest tourist attraction, and it is visited by tourists from all over the world.

The city began to prosper as the capital of the Nabataean Empire from the 1st century BC, and was later annexed to the Roman Empire in 106 AD and continued to thrive until a large earthquake in 363 AD destroyed much of the city in the 4th century AD.

The earthquake combined with changes in trade routes, eventually led to the downfall of the city which was ultimately abandoned, by the middle of the 7th century Petra appears to have been largely deserted and it was then lost to all except local Bedouin from the area.

In 1812 a Swiss explorer named Johannes Burckhardt set out to ‘rediscover’ Petra; he dressed up as an Arab and convinced his Bedouin guide to take him to the lost city, since that time, Petra became increasingly known in the West as a fascinating and beautiful ancient city, and it began attracting visitors and continues to do so today.

Petra is World Heritage Site and one of the 7 world wonders.

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History of Petra

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WEDNESDAY, JUNE 28, 2017